Quebec Oversize / Overweight Regulations

What is considered as "Oversized Load" in Quebec?

DIMENSIONS:
Width: 8 ft 6.37"
Height: 13 ft 6"
Overhang: Rear 2 m (6 ft 6in.)
Length: 23 m (75 ft) (Maximum length overall)
Category 1A: Tridem Drive 23 m (77 ft)
A/C Train Double 25 m (82 ft)
B Train Double 27.5 m (90 ft)

What is considered as "Overweight Load" in Quebec?

WEIGHTS
Single Axle-dual wheel: 7,100 kg (22,820 lb.)
Tandem Axle: 10.700 lkg (34,600 lb.)
Tridem Axle: 14,300 lkg (46,000 lb.)
Steering Axle: 10,000 kg (22,000 lb.)
Gross Vehicle : 28,500 kg (80,000 lb.)
A Train 5 axles: 53,500 kg (117,600 lb.)
B Train 6 axles:43,000 kg (94,700 lb.)
C Train 8 axles: 43,500 kg (95,800 lb.)

Quebec Oversize / Overweight Permits

Quebec Permit Department Contact Information

Fax:

Quebec Pilot Cars / Escorts

FRONT ESCORT (an escort vehicle is required and must follow the outsized vehicle where, including the load and equipment):

(1)  the width of the vehicle exceeds 3.75 m and it travels on a road that has more than one traffic lane in the direction traveled by the vehicle;

(2)  the length exceeds:

(a)  17 m for a single unit vehicle;

(b)  21 m for a crane;

(c)  27.50 m for a combination of 2 road vehicles, including a combination of road vehicles consisting of a crane and a trailer;

(d)  30 m for a combination of 3 vehicles consisting of a tractor, a hauled dolly and a semi-trailer or for a combination of vehicles covered by a Class 2 permit;

(3)  the rear overhang exceeds the limits prescribed in subparagraph d of paragraph 1 of section 2.

 

REAR ESCORT (an escort vehicle is required and must precede the outsized vehicle where, including the load and equipment):

(1)  the width of the vehicle exceeds 3.75 m and it travels on a road that has only one traffic lane in the direction traveled by the vehicle;

(2)  the width of vehicle exceeds 3.10 m without exceeding 3.75 m and the vehicle travels at night on a road that has only one traffic lane in the direction traveled by the vehicle, except for a vehicle used in snow removal, provided that its equipment does not extend beyond the left side of the vehicle by more than 60 cm and beyond the right side by more than 130 cm, measured at the widest part of the vehicle, excluding its compulsory attachments;

(3)  the height of the vehicle exceeds 4.50 m;

(4)  the front overhang exceeds the limits prescribed in subparagraph d of paragraph 1 of section 2.

 

2 ESCORT VEHICLES (one in front of and the other behind the outsized vehicle) are required where:

(1)  the width of the vehicle, including the load and equipment, exceeds 4.40 m and the vehicle travels on a road that has only one traffic lane in the direction traveled by the vehicle;

(2)  the escorted vehicle is covered by one of the conditions provided for in the first paragraph requiring an escort vehicle behind the escorted vehicle and by one of the conditions provided for in the second paragraph requiring an escort vehicle in front of the escorted vehicle.

Where 2 escorted vehicles travel in convoy, 2 escort vehicles are required, one in front of and the other behind the convoy. Notwithstanding the foregoing, where only one escort vehicle is required for each of the escorted vehicles and that escort vehicle is required to precede or follow each of them, only one escort vehicle is required to precede or follow the convoy.

In the case of a Class 2 permit, the width must be measured at the widest part of the building, excluding the roof.

 

Quebec Axle Regulations

The maximum gross weight for a steering axle or a tire is:

  • The maximum gross weight on any tire, except a tire on a steering axle on a bus, truck, or truck tractor, is 10 kilograms (22 lb.) per millimeter of tire width, as determined by the manufacturer’s width shown on the tire, up to a maximum of 3000 kilograms (6614 lb.).
  • The maximum steering axle weight for a truck tractor equipped with a single drive axle or a tandem drive axle group is 6 000 kilograms (13,227 lb.).
  • The maximum steering axle weight for a truck tractor equipped with a tridem drive axle group is 7 300 kilograms (2,866 lb.).

The maximum gross weight for a single axle or any axle within an axle group or axle unit is:

  • 9 100 kilograms (92,0062 lb.) on a primary highway
  • 8 200 kilograms (18,077 lb.) on a secondary highway
  • 8 200 kilograms (18,077 lb.) on a municipal highway
  • during winter weight season, 10 000 kilograms (22,046 lb.) on highways mentioned in clauses (a) to (c).

The maximum gross weight for a single-half axle unit is:

  • 12 750 kilograms (28,109 lb.) on a primary highway.
  • 10 875 kilograms (23,975 lb.) on a secondary highway.
  • 10 875 kilograms (23,975 lb.) on a municipal highway; and
  • during winter weight season, 13 500 kilograms on highways mentioned in clauses (a) to (c).

The maximum combined gross weight of a wide-spread tandem axle group is:

  • 9 100 kilograms (20,062 lb.) on a primary highway.
  • 8 200 kilograms (18,077 lb.) on a secondary highway.
  • 8 200 kilograms (18,077 lb.) on a municipal highway; and
  • during winter weight season, 10 000 kilograms on highways mentioned in clauses (a) to (c).

For a tandem axle group or any two adjacent axles within a tridem axle group, the maximum gross weight is:

  • 17 000 kilograms (34,478 lb.) on a primary highway.
  • 14 500 kilograms (31,967 lb.) on a secondary highway.
  • 14 500 kilograms (31,967 lb.)  on a municipal highway; and
  • during winter weight season, 18 000 kilograms on highways mentioned in clauses (a) to (c).

For a tridem axle group other than a tridem drive axle group, the maximum gross weight is:

  • 24 000 kilograms (52,910 lb.) on a primary highway, if the axle spread is greater than 3.6 meters but not greater than 3.7 meters.
  • subject to subsection (10), 23 000 kilograms (50,706 lb.) on a primary highway, if the axle spread is greater than 3.0 meters but not greater than 3.6 meters.
  • 21 000 kilograms (46,297 lb.) on a primary highway, if the axle spread is greater than 2.4 meters but not greater than 3.0 meters.
  • 20 000 kilograms (44,092 lb.) on a secondary highway.
  • 20 000 kilograms (44,092 lb.) on a municipal highway; and
  • during the winter weight season, weights as set out in clauses (a), (b) and (c) apply to the highways mentioned in clauses (d) and (e).

If the axle spread of a tridem axle group is greater than 3.0 meters, but not greater than 3.6 meters, the maximum gross weight for that tridem axle group is 24 000 kilograms (52,910 lb.) on:

For a multiple axle group, the maximum gross

  • 17 000 kilograms (34,478 lb.) for a multiple axle group consisting of three or more axles with 12 or more tires; and
  • 15 000 kilograms (33,069 lb.) for a multiple axle group consisting of three or more axles with fewer than 12 tires.

In the case of an A-train or C-train, if the axle spacing between the rear axle unit on the lead trailer and the converter dolly axle unit is less than 3.0 meters:

  • the maximum combined weight for two single axles is 17 000 kilograms 34,478 lb.); and
  • the maximum combined weight for a single axle and a tandem axle group is 23000 kilograms (50,706 lb.).

In the case of an end dump semi-trailer manufactured before January 1, 1989, the maximum combined weight for a tandem axle group on the semi-trailer and an adjacent tandem axle group within a combination of vehicles is:

  • 32 000 kilograms (70,547 lb.) if the interaxle spacing is less than 5.0 meters but not less than 3.4 meters.
  • 30 000 kilograms (66,138 lb.), if the interaxle spacing is less than 3.4 meters but not less than 3.0 meters; or
  • 35 000 kilograms (77,161 lb.) during the winter weight season for the axle group interaxle spacing listed in clause (a).

In the case of an end dump semi-trailer manufactured on or after January 1, 1989, the maximum combined weight for a tandem axle group on the semi-trailer and an adjacent tandem axle group within a combination of vehicles is:

  • 32 000 kilograms (70,547 lb.), if the interaxle spacing is less than 5.0 meters but not less than 4.5 meters.

Quebec Trip and Fuel (IRP / IFTA) Permits

Fuel Permit

If you are subject to IFTA but do not have an IFTA license, you will need a certificate for occasional trips from your base jurisdiction and every other member jurisdiction you travel in. You must obtain one before every trip and keep it in your vehicle.

To get a certificate, you must apply to an authorized organization. You can also call: 418 652-IFTA (4382); or 1 800 237-IFTA (4382) (toll-free).

Once the fees are paid, the certificate for occasional trips allows you to travel in the member jurisdiction that issued the certificate without having to meet IFTA obligations such as filing a quarterly fuel tax return.

The certificate for occasional trips must be kept in your qualified motor vehicle.

Temporary Registration

A temporary registration certificate, or "transit", can be issued by the SAAQ or a dealer to allow a vehicle to operate on public roads in Québec for a limited period of time. During that month, the vehicle will be allowed to travel on any public roads.

To Request A 1-Month Certificate

Go to one of our service outlets and present your driver's license or another official photo ID document.

Trip Permit

If you own a heavy vehicle, Click for more information if registered in another Canadian province or territory, or in the United States, and used for the transportation of goods or passengers in Québec, you must obtain a trip permit.

A trip permit is valid for 10 days and allows the vehicle to be driven through Québec or to go to a particular location in Québec and return to the point of origin.

A trip permit is not required if the vehicle is registered under IRP and fees have been paid for Québec.

To Request A Trip Permit

Apply at one pf our service outlets and present the following documents.

 

Quebec Overweight / Oversize Fines

Highway controllers are peace officers authorized to monitor and control highway transportation of persons and goods for the enforcement of the provisions of this Code with regard to

Any heavy vehicle;

Any road vehicle or combination of road vehicles designed or used to provide transportation or perform work whether for remuneration or not, regardless of its mass; and

Any passenger vehicle registered as such when highway controllers intervene with respect to load, dimensions, the securing of loads, mechanical condition or transportation of dangerous substances, except any other provision relating to the monitoring of passenger vehicle traffic.

A person that contravenes section regarding overweight conditions:

(1) Puts a heavy vehicle into operation or operates or drives a heavy vehicle on a road open to public vehicular traffic despite being prohibited from doing so, or

(2) Fails to meet a condition related to the “conditional” safety rating assigned to that person,

is guilty of an offense and liable to a fine of $500 to $1,500 for a first offense and $1,500 to $2,500 for every subsequent offense.

WEIGHT                 FINE

0 – 5,511 lb.             $90 - $270

5,511 – 16,084 lb.    $175 - $525

16,084 – 22,046 lb.  $350 - $1,050

Running Hours and Holiday Restrictions

Warning Lights

A rotating, strobe or flashing amber light, visible for 500 feet, must be mounted on the vehicle to warn all approaching traffic of a possible safety hazard. Red lights are required at the ends of rear extremities.

"Oversize Load" Banner

Standard truck-width red and white "D" signs are preferred. Most provinces will allow "Wide Load" type signs from other provinces to enter or transit the province.

Flag Requirements

Flags are required on all Oversize loads. flags shall be clean, red or florescent orange, and at least 30 cm square. On the permitted vehicle, they shall be displayed so as to wave freely on all four corners of over-width loads and at the extreme ends of all protrusions, projections, or overhangs.

Flags, Lights and Banners

Travel in day light hours (1/2 hr before sunrise until 1/2 hour after sunset.

Night travel by permit only.

Travel restricted on Sundays and legal holidays.

Quebec Tire Regulations

In winter, drivers must adapt their driving to weather and road conditions. Winter tires are mandatory from December 15 to March 15 inclusive. If your vehicle is not equipped with winter tires between December 15 and March 15 the fine varies from $200 to $300, plus costs. For better traction, the tread depth of your tires must be at least 4.8 mm (6/32 in) when they are installed.

Even though legislation allows for the use of tires with a tread depth of only 1.6 mm (2/32 in), below 4.8 mm (6/32 in) you may be compromising your safety. Chains and studs are prohibited on heavy trucks. The Minister of Transport may authorize, under the conditions and for the period he determines, the use of certain types of non-skid devices for such road vehicles as he may designate.

Quebec Frost Laws

Please note that the target dates represent the most likely start and end dates of the thaw period for each of the three zones. Depending on the changes in weather conditions, these dates may be moved ahead or postponed.

For most recent info check https://www.transports.gouv.qc.ca/en/camionnage/degel-periode-restrictions-charges/Pages/periode-degel.aspx

For restrictions refer to "Québec Vehicle Load and Size Limits Regulation - Highway Safety Code"

E.g. The load limit of an axle or combination of axles, in a normal period or in a period of thaw or rain, belonging to a class in Schedule B is as follows: http://legisquebec.gouv.qc.ca/en/ShowDoc/cr/C-24.2%2c%20r.%2031?langCont=en#se:14

Examples of Spring Weight Restrictions for Quebec

Reduced tandem axle weight of 15,500 kg                                                  Down from 18,800 kg   

Reduced tridem axle weight for 2.4m -
< 3m axle spread of 18,000 kg                                                                     Down from 21,000 kg   

Reduced tridem axle weight for 3m -
< 3.6m axle spread of 21,000 kg                                                                  Down from 24,000 kg   

Reduced tridem axle weight for 3.6m - 3.7m axle spread of 22,000 kg                Down from 26,000 kg

Quebec Annual Permits

No information was listed on annual permits. The only information found was about special permits that required the ministers of transportations approval per move.

Quebec Road Conditions

When Near a Road Work Zone

  • Obey signs and signals and the posted speed limit.
  • Watch out for and pay attention to flagpersons and other workers: they are vulnerable.

FINES DOUBLE FOR SPEEDING IN ROAD WORK ZONES!

To ensure the safety of workers and other road users, fines are doubled when it comes to speeding in road work zones. Take care to respect the posted limits and slow down.

FINES

In a road work zone where the posted speed limit on an orange sign is 70 km/h, if you are traveling at:

  • 90 km/h, the fine is $110 ($55 x 2), plus costs
  • 100 km/h, the fine is $210 ($105 x 2), plus costs
  • 115 km/h, the fine is $390 ($195 x 2), plus costs

Quebec Manufactured Houses and Mobile homes

No public information listed.


Oversize / Overweight Regulations By State