Pennsylvania Oversize / Overweight Regulations

What is considered as "Oversized Load" in Pennsylvania?

Dimensions: Width: 8' 6" (8' on other roads) Height: 13' 6" Semi Trailer Length: 56' Maximum Length: 80' Overhang: Rear 6'

What is considered as "Overweight Load" in Pennsylvania?

Weights: Single Axle: 20,000 lb. Tandem axle: 34,000 lb. Tridem: 45,200 lb. Max Gross Weight: 80,000 lb.

Pennsylvania Oversize / Overweight Permits

Pennsylvania Permit Department Contact Information

717-787-4680

Fax: 717-787-9890

8:00 AM - 4:00 PM Eastern

http://www.penndot.gov/Pages/default.aspx#.Vs9TTJIo6Uk

Pennsylvania Pilot Cars / Escorts

Width

Load exceeds 13.0 ft wide:

On single lane Roads:  One Pilot Car in front of the load

On highways with two or more lanes: One Pilot car behind the load

If Police escort is required, Pilot car is to be behind the load

Length

Load Exceeds 90 ft. long, or a rear overhang of more than 15 ft.:  One pilot car behind the load, except that the pilot may lead the load when negotiating sharp turns.

Height:

If height exceeds 14 ft. 6 in.: Pilot car with height pole 1000 to 3000 feet in front of the load.

Over-Weight Loads

Pilot car required to follow loads across bridges at reduced speed,: One pilot car following the load

If load is also over width crossing a bridge: On pilot  car leading and one pilot car following.

Urbanized Areas: During the hours of darkness, two pilot cars are required: one to lead and one to follow.
If a permitted vehicle cannot maintain at least 40 mph on a limited access highway, travel is limited to 9 am. to 4 pm. and requires one pilot car following the load.




Pennsylvania Axle Regulations

Maximum Legal Weight Allowed

Maximum Gross vehicle Weight is the lesser of (1) the manufacturer’s maximum gross weight for the vehicle or (2) 80,000 lb.


Vehicles are also subject to any weight restrictions applied to particular roads or bridges.

 

Maximum Axle Weight of Vehicles

Steering Axles                                         20,000 lb. 

Single Axles                                             20,000 lb.

Tandem Axles spread under 6 feet      36,000 lb.

Tandem Axles, spread 6 to 8 feet        40,400 lb.

Tandem Axles, spread over 8 feet        44,800 lb.

Tridem Axles                                            42,500 lb.

Maximum Permit Weight Allowed

Maximum allowable axle weight of vehicles are: 

Single Axle                                                27,000 lb.                                      
Tandem Axle                                            52,000 lb.

Pennsylvania Trip and Fuel (IRP / IFTA) Permits

Fuel Permit

Non IFTA member Motor Carriers operating qualifying motor vehicles must obtain trip permits to travel through IFTA member jurisdictions. A Pennsylvania travel trip permit costs $73 and is valid for five days.

This fee does not include additional processing/administrative fees that may be charged by the permitting agency.

Trip Permit

Pennsylvania is a member of the International Registration Plan (IRP).

Vehicles weighing in excess of 26,000 lbs. that are non-apportioned registered vehicles requiring temporary interstate travel must obtain a temporary trip permit or be apportioned registered. A 72-hour trip permit is required before operating an apportionable vehicle in Pennsylvania.

To qualify as an apportionable vehicle, the power unit must have:

  • have two axles and a gross Vehicle weight or registered gross Vehicle weight in excess of 26,000 pounds, or
  • have three or more axles, regardless of weight, or
  • is used in combination, when the gross vehicle weight of such combination exceeds 26,000 pounds.

 

Pennsylvania Overweight / Oversize Fines

Any person violating any provision of this chapter for which a penalty is not otherwise provided commits a summary offense and shall, upon conviction, be sentenced to pay a fine of $300 for each violation.

Any person driving a vehicle or combination upon a highway exceeding the maximum gross weight allowed is guilty of a summary offense and shall, upon conviction, be sentenced to pay a fine of $75 plus $75 for each 500 pounds, or part thereof, in excess of 3,000 pounds over the maximum gross weight or the registered gross weight.

If the gross weight of any vehicle or combination exceeds the applicable gross weight allowed the fine imposed under this subsection shall be doubled.

WEIGHT                 FINE

0 – 1,000 lb.           $162

1,001 – 1,500 lb.    $203

1,501 – 2,000 lb.    $244

2,001 – 2,500 lb.    $320

2,501 – 3,000 lb.    $443

3,001 – 3,500 lb.    $525

3,501 – 4,000 lb.    $607

4,001 – 4,500 lb.    $689

4,501 – 5,000 lb.    $807

5,001 – 6,000 lb.    $.04 + surcharge + added penalties

6,001 – 7,000 lb.    $.06 + surcharge + added penalties

7,001 – 8,000 lb.    $.08 + surcharge + added penalties

8,001 – 10,000 lb. $.15 + surcharge + added penalties

10,001 and over     $.20 + surcharge + added penalties

Running Hours and Holiday Restrictions

Warning Lights: Color and Placement

When an oversize movement is made within an urbanized area between 3 a.m. and sunrise, the permitted vehicle and load shall be illuminated with additional lighting on all sides so as to be clearly visible from 1,000 feet in all directions. Headlamps and rear lights of permitted vehicle are to be illuminated when moving.

"Oversized Load" Banner Regulations and Requirements

Clean yellow warning signs at least 7 feet wide by at least 18 inches high and containing only the words ‘‘OVERSIZE LOAD’’ in black letters at least 10 inches high with a 2-inch letter stroke, shall be mounted on the front of the permitted oversize vehicle and on the rear of the permitted oversize vehicle or load, unless otherwise specified in the permit.

Flag Requirements

Clean, plain, red or fluorescent orange warning flags, at least 18 inches square are to be located at:

Points of excessive length (including an overlength vehicle or combination or a load extending more than 4 feet beyond the rear of a combination).

Points of excessive width, including an overwidth vehicle or a load extending beyond one or both sides of a vehicle or combination, shall be marked with.

Flags, Lights and Banners

Running Hours and Holiday Restrictions

Travel is permitted during daylight hours:

      From sunrise to sunset

      Saturday from sunrise until noon

Travel is not permitted on Sunday, or the following holidays: New Year's Day, Memorial Day, Independence Day, Labor Day, and Thanksgiving Day, and Christmas Day.

Except during the holiday periods listed above, movement under permit in urbanized areas is authorized 7 days a week only during the following time periods:

 3 a.m. to 7:30 a.m., 9 a.m. to 4 p.m., 7 p.m. to sunset, through the Fort Pitt, Squirrel Hill or Liberty Tunnels in Allegheny County.

Pennsylvania Tire Regulations

Inspect tires and wheels and reject if one or more of the following apply:

Tire Condition: A tire must have two adjacent treads with at least 2/32-inch tread remaining at any point—at least 4/32-inch tread on the front tires of the vehicles having a gross weight in excess of 10,000 pounds.

Ice grips and tire studs: Tires in which ice grips or tire studs of wear resisting material have been installed which provide resiliency upon contact with the road and which have projections not exceeding two thirty-seconds of an inch beyond the tread of the traction surface of the tire are permitted only between November 1 of each year and April 15 of the following year, or if the Governor, by executive order extends the time that such tires may be used.  

Tire chains: -Tire chains may be temporarily used on vehicles during periods of snow and ice emergency.

Penalty--

Any person violating the provisions of subsection (c) shall be guilty of a summary offense and, upon conviction thereof, shall be sentenced to pay a fine as indicated in paragraph (2) and, in default of payment thereof, shall undergo imprisonment for not more than 30 days.

Fines for violation of use of ice grips or studs are:

June 1 to June 30                          $35.00

July 1 to July 31                             $45.00

August 1 to August 31                   $55.00

September 1 to September 30     $55.00

October 1 to October 31               $55.00

 

Pennsylvania Frost Laws

Seasonal postings are used in cases where the road's structural analysis indicates permanent postings may not be necessary as in the case of the freeze/thaw damage cycle.

The Freeze/Thaw Period is: "The calendar period between approximately February 15th and April 15th, during which times the temperature results in changes (weakening) to the structural strength of the road surface.

Additional restrictions may be required by the POSTING AUTHORITY due to severe weather and other unforeseen circumstances." A search of the website produced no specific guidelines or requirements for reductions in axle weight.

Hauling authorized by Letters of Local Determination (LoLDs) shall be prohibited during the Freeze/Thaw Period unless a modification is specifically requested by the User and approved by the Posting Authority. The User must confirm the effective dates of the Freeze/Thaw Period with the District.

You can also check pendotnews twitter and restrictions map https://www.511pa.com/

Pennsylvania Annual Permits

ANNUAL PERMIT 

Dimensions: 

Width: 14 ft. and $75 if the load is greater than 14 ft. wide

Cost: depends on the commodity,   

The fee for an annual permit for special mobile equipment with overweight axles is $300.

See https://www.penndot.gov/Doing-Business/Permits/HaulingInformation/Documents/2019+Permit+Fees.pdf 

Time, it takes to receive: 1 business day

Mailing method: online

Commodity specific? commodity specific

Need to obtain a route? Yes

Pennsylvania Road Conditions

Pennsylvania law clearly states that a motorist can be cited for traveling even one mile per hour over the posted speed limit in an active work zone.

Also, fines and points are doubled in all active work zones.

WORK ZONE SAFETY TIPS

  • Drive the posted work zone speed limit.
  • Stay alert and pay close attention to signs and flaggers.
  • Turn on your headlights if signs instruct you to do so.
  • Maintain a safe distance around vehicles. Don't tailgate.
  • Use four-way flashers when stopped or traveling slowly.
  • Avoid distractions and give your full attention to the road.
  • Always buckle up.
  • Expect the unexpected.
  • Be patient.

Pennsylvania Manufactured Houses and Mobile homes

Movement of mobile homes, modular housing units and undercarriages. A mobile home, modular housing unit or modular housing undercarriage that does not exceed 80 feet in body length, 14 feet in width—except as authorised in paragraph (3)—and 14 feet, 6 inches, in height may be transported upon the highway subject to the following requirements:

(1)  The towing hitch mechanism of a modular housing undercarriage or mobile home shall be equipped with two antisway devices whenever the total width exceeds 13 feet, unless operating on a highway section having a posted speed below 40 miles per hour. A modular housing undercarriage or mobile home which has at least four tandem axles with brakes on each wheel may operate on any highway without antisway devices.

(2)  The gross weight of the combination may not exceed the towing vehicle’s registered gross combination weight or gross combination weight rating.

(3)  A mobile home or modular housing unit may exceed 14 feet in width by no more than 6 inches total overhang at the roof eaves. The total width at the roof eaves may not exceed 14 feet, 6 inches. A roof eave overhang in excess of 3 inches shall be loaded to face the right side of the highway.

(4)  A mobile home or modular housing unit which is found to exceed the 14-foot width limit specified in this subsection or the 14-foot, 6-inch total roof eave width limit provided in paragraph (3), will be authorised to operate upon the highway only for purposes of returning to the manufacturer or other location determined by the Department.

Permit Fees: $41 (if 14’ in width or less); 

$80 (if more than 14’ in width)


Oversize / Overweight Regulations By State