New York Oversize / Overweight Regulations

What is considered as "Oversized Load" in New York?

Dimensions: Width: 8' 6" (8' undesignated roads) Height: 14' Semi Trailer Length: 57' 6"' (non-designated Hwys: 65') Overhang: Rear 7'

What is considered as "Overweight Load" in New York?

Weights: Single Axle: 21,000 lb. Tandem axle: 34,320 lb. Tridem: 34,320 lb. Max Gross Weight: 80,000 lb.

New York Oversize / Overweight Permits

New York Permit Department Contact Information

518-485-2999

Fax: 518-457-9910

8:00 AM - 4:00 PM Eastern

http://www.dot.ny.gov/nypermits

New York Pilot Cars / Escorts

Escort Requirements

1. Oversized loads less than 12 feet wide, 80 feet long and 14 feet high  -- No escort required.
    Exceptions: For a slow moving vehicle, bridge speed restriction, or an overhang greater than 10 feet, escort(s) are required.

2. On two lane roads and load exceeds 12 feet wide, and/or 80 feet long and/or height of 14 feet or greater--a front escort car is required. For overheight vehicles, the front escort must be equipped with a height pole that is 3 inches higher than the overall height of the permitted vehicle/load.

3. For loads greater than 12 feet wide, 80 feet long or greater, or if the vehicle is a slow moving vehicle, or bridge speed restrictions are required, or where the overhang is greater than 10 feet, a rear escort is required on highways of more than two lanes. Two escorts may be required on two lane roads.

4. For vehicle/loads over 16 feet wide on two-lane highways, 18 feet wide or greater on four-lane highways, or 100 feet long or greater on two-lane highways, 160 feet long or greater on four-lane highways, three escort vehicles (two in front, one in the rear) are required.

5. Escort vehicle drivers and the oversize load driver must be in constant communications at all times.

Note all escort drivers operating in New York must be certified as an escort driver, regardless of state of residency

Police escorts required when:

1) Vehicle/load exceeds only the length of: 

  • 140 feet on two-lane highways.
  • 200 feet on multi-lane highways.

2) Vehicle/load exceeds the width of 16 feet on two-lane highways and 18 feet or greater on four-lane highways.

3) The vehicle/load exceeds 200,000 pounds or the vehicle must cross the center line of a structure.


New York Axle Regulations

Maximum Legal weights (State and Designated Highways)

Maximum load per tire                                                                  800 pounds per inch width or manufacturer’s tire rating
Maximum wheel loading                                                              11,200 pounds
Maximum weight, one axle                                                          22,400 pounds
Maximum weight, any two axles, less than 8 feet apart         36,000 pounds
                   Note: Axles less than 46 inches apart, measured from axles' centers, are considered one axle
Maximu , any two consecutive axles 8 to 10 feet apart.         40,000 pounds maximum.

Maximum weight on all axles                                                      80,000 pounds.

For any vehicle or combination of vehicles having a total gross weight less than 71,000 pounds, the higher of the following shall apply:

  • the total weight of all axles shall not exceed 34,000 pounds plus 1,000 pounds for each foot and major fraction of a foot of the distance from the center of the foremost axle to the center of the rear most axle, or
  • the overall gross weight on a group of two or more consecutive axles shall not exceed the weight produced by application of the following formula:

W = 500 [(LxN)/(N-1) + (12xN) + 36],

where W equals overall gross weight on any group of two or more consecutive axles to the nearest 500 pounds, L equals distance in feet from the center of the foremost axle to the center of the rearmost axle of any group of two or more consecutive axles, and N equals number of axles in group under consideration, except that two consecutive sets of tandem axles may carry a gross load 34,000 pounds each providing the overall distance between the first and last axles of such consecutive sets of tandem axles is thirty-six feet or more.

Maximum Permit Weight Allowed

Types of Divisible Load Overweight Permits

Type 1 (F1):

Max. Axle and Grouping Weights in Lbs.

Steering axle - 22,400 pounds
Any other Single axle - 25,000 pounds
Tandem Group - 47,000 pounds
Tridem Group - 57,000 pounds
Max. Gross vehicle weight - 97,400 pounds
Permitted Gross weight is based on the F1 formula : (1,250 x Wheelbase* ) + 42,500
* Overall Wheelbase in inches is rounded to the nearest whole foot.

Type 1A (F1) This permit type is Large Through Truck Restricted

Max. Axle and Grouping Weights in Lbs.

Steering axle - 22,400 pounds
Any other Single axle - 25,000 pounds
Tandem Group - 47,000 pounds
Tridem Group - 57,000 pounds
Quad - 62,000 pounds
Max. Gross vehicle weight - 102,000 pounds
Permitted Gross weight is based on the F1 formula : (1,250 x Wheelbase* ) + 42,500
* Overall Wheelbase in inches is rounded to the nearest whole foot.

Type 7 (F2) ‐ This permit type is Large Through Truck Restricted

Max. Axle and Grouping Weights in Lbs.

Steering axle - 22,400 pounds
Any other Single axle - 25,000 pounds
Tandem Group - 48,000 pounds
Tridem Group - 58,000 pounds
Quad - 63,000 pounds
Max. Gross vehicle weight - 107,000 pounds

Type 9 (F2) ‐ This permit type is Large Through Truck Restricted.

Max. Axle and Grouping Weights in Lbs.

Tractor Steering axle - 13,000 pounds
Truck Steering Axle - 17,000 pounds
Any other Single axle - 18,000 pounds
Tandem Group - 42,000 pounds
Tridem Group - 54,000 pounds
Quad - 63,000 pounds
Max. Gross vehicle weight - 117,000 pounds

Downstate Permit Types

Applicants must have Downstate Grandfather Rights in order to apply for any of the permit types listed below. All Permit types listed below are only valid for operation within the following Counties; Westchester, Rockland, Putnam, Orange, Dutchess, Nassau and Suffolk.

Type 2 (F4) (mina axles 4)

Max. Axle and Grouping Weights in Lbs.

Steering axle - 22,400 pounds
Any other Single axle - 29,500 pounds
Tandem Group - 59,000 pounds
Tridem Group - 64,000 pounds
Quad - 66,000 pounds
Max. Gross vehicle weight - 79,000 pounds

Type 2A (F4) (min axles 5)

Max. Axle and Grouping Weights in Lbs

Steering axle - 22,400 pounds
Any other Single axle - 29,500 pounds
Tandem Group - 59,000 pounds
Tridem Group - 64,000 pounds
Quad - 66,000 pounds
Max. Gross vehicle weight - 79,000 pounds

Type 4 (F5)

Max. Axle and Grouping Weights in Lbs

Steering axle - 22,400 pounds
Any other Single axle - 22,500 pounds
Tandem Group - 45,000 pounds
Tridem Group - 57,000 pounds
Quad - 62,000 pounds
Max. Gross vehicle weight - 93,000 pounds

Type 6B (F5) ‐ Effective 4/01/2004

Max. Axle and Grouping Weights in Lbs

Steering axle - 22,400 pounds
Any other Single axle - 25,750 pounds
Tandem Group - 48,000 pounds
Tridem Group - 63,000 pounds
Quad - 65,000 pounds
Max. Gross vehicle weight - 120,000 pounds

General Divisible Load Overweight Permit Information

Structural Restrictions Apply:

All Divisible Load Overweight Permit types are “R” (Restricted) permits. All vehicles operating under Divisible Load Overweight permits are prohibited from crossing “R” posted bridges (signed as: No Trucks with “R” Permits) unless the bridge has been officially rated as “Waivered” by the Department. Waivered bridges allow permitted vehicles to cross while operating under Divisible Load Overweight permits, Types; 1, 1A, 2, 2A, 4 or 8 at permitted weights up to 102,000 pounds. No permitted vehicles may cross a Load Posted bridge if the permitted weight exceeds the Posted weight limit of the bridge.

Infrastructure Friendly Vehicle Requirements (IFV):

The following requirements must be met for any vehicle or combination of vehicles that are model year 2006 or newer or regardless of model year are applying for or operating under a Type 9 permit.

  1. All lift axles must be steerable or trackable.
  2. All axles, other than steerable or trackable axles must have two tires on each side of the axle.
  3. The weight on any grouping of two or more axles shall be distributed such that no one axle in the group carries less than eighty percent (80%) of any other axle in the group.
  4. Any air pressure controls for a lift axle must be located outside the cab of the power unit beyond the reach of the occupants while the power unit is in motion.

Vehicles model year 2005 or older have until January 1, 2020 to comply with the above IFV requirements unless they are applying for a type 9 permit. When applying for type 9 permits, regardless of the vehicles model year, all IFV requirements must be met.


New York Trip and Fuel (IRP / IFTA) Permits

Fuel Use Tax Permit

Instead of obtaining an IFTA license and decals and paying fuel use tax by filing a return, you may fulfill your fuel use tax obligations by obtaining a trip permit for each jurisdiction traveled.

For trips in New York State, you may use the New York State fuel use tax trip permit for any vehicle subject to the fuel use tax.

A 72-hour trip permit can be ordered through a service bureau.

New York State charges a fee of $25.00 for a trip permit. The service bureau may charge a fee in addition to the cost of the permit.

You may not apply for more than ten trip permits during a single calendar year.

Highway Use Tax

All vehicles 18,000 pounds and over must have a NY HUT. This permit is available as a temporary that will convert to permanent.

All tractor trailer units that transport any type of fuel must get an AFC permit for trailer as well as a HUT for Power unit. All straight trucks that transport any type of fuel must get an AFC permit only.

New York Overweight / Oversize Fines

New York enforce maximum truck weight laws through fines (there is no explicit reference to jail time).  Fines for overweight loads are a function of how overweight the vehicle is. Note: If your truck weight exceeds the maximum weight granted to you in your permit, New York law may treat that as if you were never given a permit. The fines for exceeding weight limits are:

Total Weight of Load (in Pounds)

Greater than (lb.)                                      Less than  (lb.)                                         Fine

0                                                                   2,000                                                            $50

2,000                                                           3,000                                                            $75

3,000                                                           4,000                                                            $100

4,000                                                           5,000                                                            $200

5,000                                                           6,000                                                            $300

6,000                                                           7,000                                                            $400

7,000                                                           8,000                                                            $500

8,000                                                           9,000                                                            $600

9,000                                                           10,000                                                         $700

10,000                                                         15,000                                                         $1200

15,000                                                         20,000                                                         $1700

20,000                                                         25,000                                                         $2200

25,000                                                         30,000                                                          $2700

30,000                                                         35,000                                                          $3200

35,000                                                         40000                                                           $3700

40,000                                                         45,000                                                          $4200

45,000                                                         50,000 and over                                          $4700

Running Hours and Holiday Restrictions

"Oversized Load" Banner Regulations

Vehicle/load greater than 12' and for loads longer than 65' require oversize load warning signs on the front and rear of the vehicle/load. Size: 7' LONG, 18" HIGH Letters: Black, 10" high, 1.41" brush stroke Background: "Highway Yellow"

Flag Requirements

Red or orange fluorescent flags, 18' square, shall be attached to the extremities as well as any protrusions or extensions of the vehicle load.

Warning Lights: Color and Placement

At all times: One (1) amber revolving amber light on top of towing vehicle. For uniform oversize loads at night, use amber lights at the forward corners/extremities, and red lights at the rear corners.

Use amber lights on load extensions on the side of the load. For rear overhang of 2' or less, red lights are required at the corners of the load. If the load extends more than two feet, place red lights at the extreme corners and amber lights every six fee along the sides--at lease one amber light on each side for a load extending more that 2' but not more than 6'.


Flags, Lights and Banners

A “Permit” authorizes the movement of an oversize and/or overweight vehicle for a specific time period on permissible hauling days. Special Hauling permits may also authorize the movement of Manufactured / Modular homes not included under Building Movement Permits.

A “Permissible Hauling Day” is any normal working day, Monday through Friday, during the daylight hours between one-half hour before sunrise and one-half hour after sunset when weather conditions are favorable.

No movements are allowed on Saturdays*, Sundays or the following holidays: New Years Day, Memorial Day, Independence Day, Labor Day, Thanksgiving Day and Christmas Day or after 12 noon the day preceding Memorial Day, Independence Day, Labor Day, Thanksgiving Day, Christmas Day. The day preceding means any normal working day, Monday through Fridays.

No travel is allowed at night between the hours of one-half hour after sunset and one-half hour before sunrise unless otherwise specified.

Over-dimensional and overweight moves that are within 12 feet in width, 85 feet in length, legal height, and which can maintain normal highway speeds may be authorized by permit to move from ½ hour before sunrise until 12 noon on Saturday unless such Saturday falls on a holiday.

Overweight moves that are not over-dimensional and are within 125 percent of legal weight as defined by Section 385 of the new York State Vehicle and Traffic Law, and which can maintain traffic flow speed, are not restricted as to times of travel or days of travel as set forth above.

New York Tire Regulations

Metal studded tires may be used provided: the diameter of the studs does not exceed three-eighths of an inch and that they do not protrude beyond the tread surface of such tires more than three thirty-seconds of an inch, and the contact area of which does not exceed three-fourths of one per cent of the total nominal contact area of the tire.

Studded tires are not permitted from the first day of May until the fifteenth day of October.

The weight per inch width of a pneumatic tire on any one wheel of a single vehicle or combination of vehicles, when loaded, shall be not more than 800 lb.

The weight on any one pneumatic tire of a single vehicle or a combination of vehicles, equipped with pneumatic tires, when loaded, shall be not more than 11,200 lb..

The weight on any one axle of a single vehicle or a combination of vehicles, equipped with pneumatic tires, when loaded, shall be not more than 22,400lb..

The weight on any two consecutive axles of a single vehicle or a combination of vehicles, equipped with pneumatic tires, when loaded, and when such axles are spaced less than eight feet from center to center, shall be not more than 36,000 lb.

New York Frost Laws

There are no apparent restrictions.

The department of transportation may issue restrictions when conditions dictate. No information is easily available on seasonal weight restrictions.

New York does issue restrictions to all tractor-trailers during periods of snow and snow removal on major highways. The New York Winter Travel advisory is available at: 

https://www.dot.ny.gov/wta

For up-to-date road conditions and restrictions, go to New York's "improved Winter Travel Advisory" service at:

https://511ny.org/.

New York Annual Permits

The New York State Department of Transportation will issue a blanket permit to certain types of businesses allowing them to exceed axle and GVW limits up to 125 percent of normal limits.

Blanket permits can be issued for a period of 1 month up to 1 year. Emergency blank permits can also be issued to meet emergency conditions that allow axle and GVW limits higher than normal for several vehicle configurations.

Dimensions: 

Length: No set amount: state determines on individual basis.

Width: No set amount: state determines on individual basis. NY Thruway – 16′ wide maximum.

Height: 14′ and over (over 13’6 on Thruway) requires a route survey.

Cost: 

Annual - $ 360.00 - $ 900 depending on commodity, 

Plus Trailer Fees up to $ 20.00 each

Time, it takes to receive: 1 business day

Need to obtain a route? Yes

New York Road Conditions

The purpose of work zone traffic control is to provide a safe work area for workers within the roadway, while facilitating the safe and orderly flow of traffic through the zone.

Make traffic safety and temporary traffic control an integral and high-priority element of every project from planning through design, construction, and maintenance.

Inhibit traffic movement as little as possible.

Provide clear and positive guidance to drivers as they approach and travel through the temporary traffic control zone.

Establish proper legislative authority to implement and enforce needed traffic regulations, speed zoning, parking controls, and incident management.


New York Manufactured Houses and Mobile homes

Manufactured/Modular Housing 14’0” Wide and Less Permit

Authorizes the movement of mobile/modular housing not over 14’ wide from one specific place to another by approved routes. A “round trip” authorizes the movement of an oversize vehicle from one specific place to another and return hauling the same load or unladen. 

Limits: 

14’0” Wide 

160’0” Combination Length 

80’ 0” Maximum home length 

14’6” High 

80,000 Lbs (Cannot exceed legal weights, including axle groupings) 

Valid For: 5 Permissible Hauling Days 

Note: An active an active trip permit can be amended one time for a variety of changes.


Fees: 

Mail In/CPO Walk In: $40.00 

Regional Office: $60.00 

Permit Service: $40.00. 

Fees do not include any applicable permit service charges. 

Amendment Fee: $10.00 

16-Foot Manufactured Home Permit

Authorizes the movement of Manufactured or Modular home units, greater than or equal to 14’0” but not greater than 16’0” wide inclusive of eave overhangs, from one specific place to another by approved routes. A “round trip” authorizes the movement of the unit or the unladen trailer to the original point of origin using the original routes. 

Limits: 

14’1” to 16’0” Wide 

160’0” Long 

14’6” High 

80,000 Lbs (Cannot exceed legal weights, including axle groupings) 


Valid For: 5 Permissible Hauling Days 

Note: An active an active trip permit can be amended one time for a variety of changes.


Fees: 

Mail In/CPO Walk In: $40.00 

Regional Office: $60.00 

Permit Service: $40.00. 

Fees do not include any applicable permit service charges. 

Amendment Fee: $10.00 

Bonding: A surety bond of $10,000.00 per move or $25,000.00 per company must also be on file at the Central Permit Office.




Oversize / Overweight Regulations By State